Terrorism and Genocide
Islam has been associated with terrorism and violence due to the actions of a few extreme individuals who’ve taken it upon themselves to do the most heinous crimes in the name of Islam. Unfortunately in some cases war and military conflict can not be avoided. However when we examine the text of the Quran and the teachings of Prophet Muhammed(P) we find that terrorism has been specifically addressed and clearly condemned. Therefore, Islam provides a just war doctrine and lays out clear rules of engagement of the enemy, and has strictly condemned the killing of innocent lives as stated in the Chapter 4 verse 91 of the Quran:
You will find others that wish to have security from you and security from their people. Every time they are sent back to temptation, they yield thereto.
1. If they withdraw not from you (in an aggressive attack posture) ,
2. nor offer you peace (have declared intentions for war and have decline your offer for peace) ,
3. nor restrain their hands (armed with weapons),
take (hold) of them and kill them wherever you find them. In their case, We have provided you with a clear warrant against them. (An-Nisa 4:91)
As we can see from the following verse, the Quran only allows 1 case in which you can kill your enemy.
The enemy must fall in any one of the 3 categories listed above for “clear
warrant” to kill him. Therefore, the Muslim must use 4:91 as a guide on who he
can and can not kill. We will call this the “4:91 spot check”. Of course, the
“4:91 spot check” excludes all innocent civilians and only targets enemy
In addition to that, when the Quran does sanction killing the enemy as we read in famous “slay the infidel” verse 9:5, the Quran also commands in the very next verse, 9:6, that those who request the protection of Muslims… even enemy combatants, their wish must be granted and the Muslims must escort him to a place where he can be safe:
And if anyone of the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allâh, and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because they are men who know not. (At-Tawbah 9:6)
Abu Al-`Aliyah said, "This was the first Ayah about fighting that was revealed in Al-Madinah. Ever since it was revealed, Allah's Messenger used to fight only those who fought him and avoid non-combatants. Later, Surat Bara'ah (chapter 9 in the Qur'an) was revealed.